This post is part of Tero Karvinen’s course: Linux as server. Even it is related to school mission it will offer usefull information about GNU/Linux!
An another school mission from Mr. Karvinen.
- Install WordPress
- Make theme
- Change theme
- How to upload images and themes without ssh/ftp access
All tests made with Xubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin 32bit.
- Motherboard: Asus Z87-C
- CPU: Intel Core i5-4670K 3.40GHz
- RAM: 8GB DDR3 1600MHz
- HDD: 120GB SSD Sata 3.0
- GPU: Geforce GTX 560 Ti Phantom, 2GB GDDR5 (Gainward)
- Asus cd/dvd
I have already configured LAMP. What I decided to do first was database for fresh installation. I have used to work with phpmyadmin so I did with that.
First I clicked a Privileges tab and then Add a new user.
Setup asked user name, host and password. I also checked “Create database with same name and grant all privileges”. After that I Created user.
Then I checked if the database appeared on phpmy admin.
Database done! Then I headed to wordpress.org and resolved the download url.
I wanted to install the wordpress to tuukka`s apache userdir so I did this:
After copying required files and pre-setups. I did the actual installation.
$ firefox http://localhost/~tuukka/wordpress
Then I followed the first to steps, mostly just clicked next.
Third page was very important. Setup program asked details of database which I made earlier.
Please note that password in this screenshot is different than a password shown earlier. It is because after I took screenshot I accidentally clicked generate password again. So my passwords were the same they differ only in these screenshots!
I got notice “Sorry, but I can’t write the
wp-config.php file.”. I did the wp-config.php by copypasting the content and then made the file with nano.
Copypaste the whole box!
$ cd /home/tuukka/public_html/wordpress/
$ nano wp-config.php
Paste the configx -> ctrl+x -> y -> ENTER
Then I ran the install.
Finally the blog were installed! I tested by pressing Log in and everything worked fine.
I have tried to dodge this for so long. Now it was there again and I decided to face it like a man. I started to do some recearching and I found very nice video from guy called JREAM. Video can be found here. I would highly recommend the video to everyone who would like to start theme from scratch!
First I watched the video couple of times to get the idea. Then I followed it step by step doing everything like JREAM did. Finally I were at the same point were he was at end of the video.
At this point I was so into the theme making that I totally forgot time. I spent next 24 hours basicly with netbeans and here is result:
I might explain later more specific details what I did. If you like to learn to make themes right now: watch the video!
WordPress theme is package of files which you can just copypaste to any wordpress installation and then go into your Dashboard and activate that theme. Theme which I have just made contains following files:
$ cd bemytheme/
$ ls -a
. comments.php functions.php index.php sidebar.php style.css .. footer.php header.php page.php single.php style-grey.css
I started by compressing the whole theme folder to .zip file on my mac. After that I used scp to transfer zip to my server. On the server I did following:
$ unzip bemytheme.zip
$ mv bemytheme public_html/wordpress/wp-content
Then I opened my WordPress Dashboard. Went to Appearences -> Themes. I could not saw my theme on the list and started to worry about it. I still had open ssh-connection to my server so I started troubleshooting it.
$ cd public_html/wordpress/wp-content/
bemytheme index.php plugins themes
There was my problem. Bemytheme were in wrong directory. It supposed to be in themes. So I moved it.
$ mv bemytheme/ themes/
After that I refressed my Dashboard page on the browser and bemytheme appeared.
I clicked activate and went to site to resolve if theme is working and it is working!
How to upload images and themes without ssh/ftp access
Alright I got fresh installation of wordpress. I even istalled custom made theme with ssh connection. What if I want to do it without ssh/ftp connection? I started troubleshoots and I found this page.
First I just tried to upload image and theme on WordPress Dashboard and I got these error messages(first is related to image and second to theme on appearance->themes):
I already knew that my problem might be solved if I give 777 permissions to wp-content folder but I did not wanted to do that. It would be an unnecessary threat to security. I decided to give ownership of wp-content folder and its content to www-data user.
$ cd public_html/wordpress/
$ sudo chown -R www-data wp-content
$ sudo chmod -R 755 wp-content
After that I tried to upload image and theme again in the Dashboard. Process with image went well and I was able to do that. Then I tried to upload theme at Appearance -> Themes:
I choosed upload, then I browsed theme(http://wordpress.org/themes/radiate) from my hard drive and pressed Install Now. It led me to this page:
That was obviously something I did not wanted to do. I decided to try an other method which were mentioned on Stackoverflow`s topic. There was comment where user Nadeem Haidar told that he has fixed the problem by adding line to wp-config.php file. Line is this: define(‘FS_METHOD’,’direct’);
$ cd public_html/wordpress/
$ nano wp-config.php
at the bottom of the file I added this:
ctrl+x -> y -> ENTER
Once more I tried to upload theme at Wordpres Dashboard. It worked perfectly! I did activation and visited the site and new theme was there.
Karvinen, Tero: Lessons 2013-03-03, Linux as server